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Here are the targets for your five year old at the end of their reception year. If you know what your child is working towards, you can help them to achieve it.
Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
First of all children need to make the connection between sounds and relate this to a letter. When they know some of their letter sounds they can begin to combine these to form words. Finally they need to order these words to write a simple sentence.
Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common
irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
Just like writing, children need to connect a sound to a letter. Once they have done this they can then begin to 'sound out' words, blending the sounds to form a word. However children need to recognise simple key words which cannot be sounded out (irregular words) such as he, she, the. They also need to understand and talk about what they have read!
Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and
objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
Children need to be confident counting to twenty but also understand what 20 'means', so they are able to count objects and say how many objects there are when one is added or taken away. They should be able to do simple adding and taking away using numbers up to 9 (perhaps using their fingers or a numberline) and understand doubling within 10 , halving and sharing objects into equal groups.
The main point is just to be as involved as possible with your child's learning at the crucial early stage of their education. Help them with their letter sounds, reading and counting, making it as fun as possible and part of everyday life. The first few years at school are so important and often set the pattern for the rest of their education, so give them the best start you can.
If you need any help with your child's education and learning, at Kip McGrath in Trowbridge we offer a free no obligation educational assessment of your child. Fill in the contact form on this page to find out more.